The Lymphatic System

The human lymphatic system exists throughout the body.

The human lymphatic system exists throughout the body.

A healthy lymphatic system is essential for vibrant energy and good health. It provides major pathways for removing toxins, warding off disease-producing bacteria and viruses.  It helps repair tissue damaged by radiation, the sun, injury, toxins, and assists in removing abnormal, diseased cells.

The lymphatic system is the part of the body that carries out immune responses.  It helps drain tissues spaces of excess interstitial fluid, such as in puffiness around the face, arms, belly, groin, legs, and ankles. It also helps transport good dietary fats,  (Vitamins A, D, E and K) which are absorbed through the GI tract to the blood.  It also plays a major role in protecting the body against "invasion" from bacteria, viruses, allergens, radiation, cancers, and all sorts of everyday toxins (cosmetics, building materials, pesticides, implants, and more.)

  The lymphatic system consists of many parts:

1. FLUID:  Lymphatic fluid, also called interstitial fluid

2.  VESSELS: Fluid-filled capillaries and vessels

3. NODES: Lymph nodes

4. ORGANS:  Lymph organs (red bone marrow, thymus gland, spleen)

5. DUCTS:  Lymph ducts

Read more about lymph in various parts of your body, and how it might impact your health, below: 


Head and Neck

Sluggish lymph may cause acute or chronic ear pain.

Sluggish lymph may cause acute or chronic ear pain.

JAW, EARS, NECK, SINUSES, FACE, SCALP, THROAT:

The cervical nodes are one of the major clusters of lymph nodes in the body.  They are found along the jaw, around the ears and in the neck. They maintain the health of the sinuses, the scalp and face and the throat.  Sluggish cervical nodes can cause inflammation, redness, swelling, eruptions or pain in any of these areas.

The pharyngeal tonsils, commonly known as "the adenoids" are located in the back of the throat and up into the sinuses.  They consist of lymphatic tissue and stop bacteria, viruses and allergens from reaching then lungs, thus preventing illness.

When inflamed, they can enlarge, making it harder to breath, cause sinus pressure, scratchy or painful throat or ear aches.  These symptoms can be sudden or chronic.


Upper Torso

Lymphatic components of the breast   

Lymphatic components of the breast

 


Lymphatic System of the Upper Trunk   

Lymphatic System of the Upper Trunk

 

Axillary Nodes

Bronchomediastinal Trunk

Bronchopulmonary Nodes

Intercostal Nodes

Jugular Trunk

Mediastinal Nodes

Right Lymphatic Duct

Spleen

Subclavian Trunk

Throracic Duct (Left Lymphatic Duct)

Thymus Gland

 

 


Lower Torso

Lower Trunk of the Lymphatic System

Lower Trunk of the Lymphatic System

Appendix

Cysterna Chyli

Iliac Nodes

Inguinal Nodes

Intestinal Trunk

Lumbar Trunk

Peyer's Patches


Arms and Hands

lymph of arms and hands.jpg

Cubital Nodes

 

Legs and Feet

Lymphatic Drainage of legs and feet

Lymphatic Drainage of legs and feet

Femur Cross Section

Popliteal Nodes


Lymph Nodes

 EDIT: Lymph nodes generally occur in groups along the larger lymphatic vessels. They are distributed throughout the body, but they lack the tissues of the central nervous system. The primary function of every lymph node is production of lymphocytes, which help defend the body against microorganisms and against harmful foreign particles; and the removal of debris from lymph before it is returned to the blood stream. The lymph nodes have major clusters in six areas. In the cervical region, the nodes are grouped along the lower border of the jaw, in front of and behind the ears, and deep in the neck along the larger blood vessels. They drain the skin of the scalp, face, tissues of the nasal cavity, and the pharynx. In the axillary region, the lymph nodes are in the underarm region and receive lymph from vessels that drain the arm, the walls of the thorax, the breast, and the upper walls of the abdomen. In the inguinal region, the nodes receive lymph from the legs, the outer portion of the genitalia and the lower abdominal wall; in the pelvic cavity, the nodes appear mostly along the paths of the blood vessels within the pelvic cavity and receive lymph from the lymphatic vessels in the area; in the abdominal cavity, lymph nodes occur in chains along the main branches of the arteries of the intestine and the abdominal aorta; and finally in the thoracic cavity: these lymph nodes occur between the lungs and along the windpipe and bronchi, and receive lymph from this area and from the internal wall of the thorax.

The popliteal and inguinal nodes are in the legs and groin, the lumbar nodes in the pelvic region, the axillary nodes in the armpits, the cervical nodes in the chest. Hodgkin's disease is an enlargement of the lymph nodes in the neck, which gradually spreads throughout the lymphatic system, including the spleen. Pressure on adjoining organs and nerve endings can result in a dysfunction of vital organs or in paralysis.